otters in japan

However, where have the otters come from, when Japanese river otters have been extinct since 40 years ago? West Coast Expeditions, located on Vancouver Island offers a 5-day kayaking expedition with sea otters tour. In 2017, two females and one male otter were confirmed there. Otter Facts and Information. By comparing the Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Gene of a mummified Japanese river otter corpse with Eurasian otters from Latvia and China, it was proven that the Japanese river otter was actually different, and was therefore not a subspecies. The aquarium will exhibit photos of Rasuka in its sea otter tank area until Sept. 27, with visitors allowed to lay flowers. Otters are rare as pets, so you shouldn’t even rely on second-hand information from other exotic pet owners. [5], "Otter Reproduction." [14] Dr. Machida also pointed that the previous studies by the prefecture had been restricted only among coastal areas and thus not filling the definition of extinct species by IUCN. River otters (genus Lutra) inhabit all types of inland waterways, as well as estuaries and marine coves. The Japanese river otter (Japanese: ニホンカワウソ(日本川獺 ー, Hepburn: Nihon-kawauso) (Lutra lutra whiteleyi)[1] is an extinct variety of otter formerly widespread in Japan. This pollution terminated their food sources in the rivers, causing them to hunt in more dangerous settings. Out of 59 otters … For many years, it was thought that the Japanese river otter was a subspecies of the Eurasian otter Lutra lutra. Meet a Japanese pottery expert for a primer on the history and aesthetics of Japanese pottery, while enjoying sake from meditation-worthy pieces. In the past, there were thousands of river otters in Japan. This video is a reserved video. Tokyo, Japan, 19th October 2018 —a boom in demand for otters as pets in Japan, particularly the Small-clawed Otter, has been linked to rising numbers of “otter cafés”, high-profile television programmes featuring otters and celebrities, and the popularity of otter … Otters are smelly, loud and extremely active; they have sharp teeth and jaws strong enough to crack open shellfish. The British otter is also known as the European otter because of its vast geographical distribution. It is also something which could see a rise in other countries if the wrong information is spread. Like all river otters, they have long, thin bodies which helped them to swim and glide through the water at speeds of up to seven miles per hour. Claiming a territory about ten miles in diameter, it marked the area with its droppings about one to three miles apart and sets up three or four nests under rocks or inside bushes. An official from the agency's wildlife protection section stated that the hair was "scientifically solid evidence that confirms the existence of the Japanese Otter.". In Japan, where more than a dozen animal cafes have otters, investigators found otters whimpering, shrieking and making distress calls while customers played with them. Some are almost exclusively aquatic, like the sea otters that live in the Pacific ocean, and some spend more than half their time on land, like the giant otter that lives in the tropical rain-forests of South America. Japan hosts at least one free-roaming river otter, but it’s not likely the country’s endemic variety, which was last documented decades ago and has been “officially” extinct since 2012. [36], In China, like in Japan, there are stories where otters shapeshift into beautiful women in old books like In Search of the Supernatural and the Zhenyizhi (甄異志). [7] However, this reclassification is not yet generally accepted in the absence of further verification. The average otter is 1–1.3 metres in length, and weighs up to 9kg. [3][4] It is the official animal symbol of Ehime Prefecture. [34] In the KagakushÅ«, a dictionary from the Muromachi period, an otter that grew old becomes a kappa. Find out more . "Police have initiated an investigation to uncover the connection of mafia or swindlers in this importing operation," the undercover investigator said in the documentary. Japan attracts almost thirty million visitors a year. Unfortunately, this fad has lead to the illegal smuggling of otters into Japan. Since a TV program in Japan in 2014, the popularity of otters has spiked leading to a boom in the number of otter cafes. In addition, the males sought out the females in the reproduction process. It is distributed from the Kuril Islands located in Japan, to the Commander islands of the in the Western Pacific. They are listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The North American river otter (Lontra canadensis) ... Their historic range included shallow waters of the Bering Strait and Kamchatka, and as far south as Japan. [33], In the Ishikawa and Kochi Prefectures, they are said to be a type of kappa, and there are stories told about how they engage in sumo with otters. [8], Fully grown, a Japanese river otter was between 65 and 80 cm (25.5 and 31.5 in) long, with a tail measuring 45 to 50 cm (17.5 to 19.5 in). Next, take a deep whiff of your freshly brewed morni… The otter remains the official animal symbol of Japan's Ehime Prefecture, home of the poet Masaoka Shiki (1867-1902), who equated himself with otters in … Video shows the otters lounging and … For the male to know that the female is interested in mating, the female will roll around with the male, which releases hormones. The prefectural government of Kochi set up an infrared camera for six months from October 1994 to April 1995 in an effort to capture it on film, but all that was recorded were animals such as raccoon dogs. [5], A nocturnal creature, an otter only left its den after dark to forage for food. Such illegal trafficking is detrimental to wild populations of animals worldwide. There are many resources that have this information. It is said that those possessed by otters lose their stamina as if their soul has been extracted. Otters In Japanese folklore. It also linked the boom in demand for otters as pets in Japan to a rising number of "otter cafes", adding that Japan has a long-standing global reputation as a major market for exotic pets. Even so, pollution and human development then harmed their environm… OTTERS IN JAPAN VOL0 (uchikawashuppan) (Japanese Edition) eBook: DONDON: Amazon.co.uk: Kindle Store Select Your Cookie Preferences We use cookies and similar tools to enhance your shopping experience, to provide our services, understand how customers use our services so we can make improvements, and display ads. There are 12 species of otters, (13 until the Japanese river otter was declared extinct in only 2012), found all over the world except Australia and Antarctica. The otters whimper, shriek and make distress calls while customers are interacting with them. However, it is not known whether the observed otter was a Japanese river otter. However, where have the otters come from, when Japanese river otters have been extinct since 40 years ago? The Asian small-clawed otter has become a popular pet in Southeast Asia. Tokyo, Japan, 19th October 2018—a boom in demand for otters as pets in Japan, particularly the Small-clawed Otter, has been linked to rising numbers of “otter cafés”, high-profile television programmes featuring otters and celebrities, and the popularity of otter pet “superstars” on social media platforms. Situation of Pet Otters in Japan – Warning by Vets. My name is Mako the owner of this otter Sakura. Once born, the baby otters are completely blind for a month, leaving them utterly helpless. If a human attempts to speak to one, they will answer "oraya" and then answer "araya," and if anybody asks them anything, they say cryptic things like "kawai. 24 Oct. 2014. The Japanese otter was known as one of the top carnivores in the aquatic food chain. Otters are usually found no more than a few hundred meters from water. Animal pelts thus became very valuable since they could be exported for money. Native otters are hunted for their fur and are often regulated in this category. If she does not, the male would move onto the next female otter. [32] They are also said to shapeshift into severed heads and get caught in fishing nets. They perform pranks like extinguishing the fire of the paper lanterns of people who walk on roads at night, shapeshifting into a beautiful woman of 18 or 19 years of age and fooling people, or tricking people and making them try to engage in sumo against a rock or a tree stump. However, the studies done in Kochi University revealed something different. Classed as “Endangered”. Eating sushi in Japan is different from elsewhere and there are strict rules—see this sushi in Japan guide for tips. Within this range there are 10 recognised subspecies. The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is the only truly marine otter found in Asia and used to be found on the coast of Japan. In Japanese folklore Otters were considered very dangerous as they would shapeshift into beautiful women or little children and kill men. Sushi comes in many forms. The 13 extant otter species are all semiaquatic, aquatic or marine, with diets based on fish and invertebrates. The European otter has been here for millions of years; it is a member of the Mustelid family, which also includes the badger, mink, weasels, stoats, martens and polecats, and is the only truly semi-aquatic member of the weasel family. In southern Chile the marine otter is found almost exclusively along exposed rocky seashores; farther north it may inhabit estuaries and fresh water. Populations made a slight comeback after the creation of hunting regulations. It was subsequently classified as a "Critically Endangered" species on the Japanese Red List. In Japanese folklore, they fool humans like the fox (kitsune) and tanuki. Melissa A Smith. Typically a dosage that would last about 40 days would cost roughly $300 US dollars. Some are kept in solitary conditions with no natural light. Dating back to the 1880s, it was even seen in Tokyo. Find more Japanese words at wordhippo.com! [17] According to the Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums, based in Tokyo, at their peak in 1994, there were 122 sea otters at 28 facilities around the country. In addition the river otter has two types/sets of fur. Group Bull. Starting in the Meiji period, the government of Japan adopted a policy of increasing wealth and military prowess. Prostitution in modern Japan, as defined under Japanese law, is the illegal practice of sexual intercourse with an 'unspecified' (unacquainted) person in exchange for monetary compensation, which was criminalised in 1965 by the introduction of article 3 of the Anti-Prostitution Law (売春防止法, Baishun Bōshi Hō). Unfortunately, this fad has lead to the illegal smuggling of otters into Japan. Japan and Made in Japan were used between 1921-1941, followed by the war when there were no exports, then Made in Occupied Japan. Lutra lutra has historically occupied a broad range from Ireland in the west to Japan in the east and the arctic north to the semi-desert of North Africa. Play with cute little otters in Tokyo! [32], In the Kashima District and the Hakui District in Ishikawa Prefecture, they are seen as a yōkai under the name kabuso or kawaso. Well I did come come across an instragram account of a pet otter in Japan, and I never saw a outdoor cage in the account. 1). The otter features in an ancient shamanic Welsh tale. Many of these Japanese otters eat about 15% to 25% of their own body weight. Otters were widely distributed in Japan until the early 20th century. As a result, Japanese river otters started to be hunted throughout the country. The art island of Naoshima is a small, formerly remote island that has become one of the world’s most noteworthy art destinations. This is as close as you can get to swimming with otters in Canada, for those that dream of swimming with otters. In other regions the otter shares aquatic habitats with species specialised to different habitats such as sea otters, but in Ireland the otters that live at the coast and those that occupy our rivers are the same species. Most large Christian denominations, including Roman Catholicism, Protestantism, and Orthodox Christianity, are represented in Japan today. Naoshima and Teshima: Art and architecture in the Inland Sea. They have squirrels, chinchillas and hedgehogs but I specifically came here for their adorable little otters. [12] Even so, pollution and human development then harmed their environment and resources to build their habitats. The Sea Otter is the only true marine otter of all the otter and they can dive up to 40metres to catch their prey. In the Noto region, Ishikawa Prefecture, there are stories where they shapeshift into beautiful women or children wearing checker-patterned clothing. Adorable Sea Otters Are Luring Tourists to This Small Japanese Town | Travel + Leisure The small Japanese town of Hamanaka on Hokkaido island is seeing an uptick in … In 1929, the government established the "Hunters Association" which called upon people to hunt and skin these otters, which was one of the main causes of their eventual extinction. Another relatively popular pet fad in Japan is the practice of keeping otters as pets. A fully grown Japanese River Otter was between 25–31 inches long (65 - 80 cm), and its tail added another 17 to 20 inches (45 to 50 cm) to its total length. [2] On August 28, 2012, the Japanese river otter was officially declared extinct by the Ministry of the Environment. In a new documentary, British environmentalist and photojournalist Aaron Gekoski worked with World Animal Protection, an international nonprofit organization, to investigate the state of these animals. çº). These creatures are large and have a wide skull with short nasal bones. This is Harry Zoo, an incredibly cute animal cafe in the heart of the Harajuku district in Tokyo. BioExpedition.com, n.d. While it all involves rice prepared with sushi vinegar, it doesn’t all include raw fish. However, the distribution of otters in Japan was fragmented into several small isolated populations located all over Japan, and they had almost all disappeared by the mid1950s (Sasaki 2016).Otters went extinct in most of Japan between 1955 and 1960, except on Shikoku Island (Ando 2008, Fig. Jul 30, 2020. Since the mid-1990s, the majority of Japanese people are of the Shinto or Buddhist faith. In Japan, there are more than a dozen animal cafes featuring otters. Christianity in Japan is among the nation's minority religions. Tokyo, Japan, 19th October 2018—a boom in demand for otters as pets in japan, particularly the Small-clawed Otter, has been linked to rising numbers of “otter cafés”, high-profile television programmes featuring otters and celebrities, and the popularity of otter pet “superstars” on social media platforms. Ask any of these cafes and they will claim that their otters are legally bred and bought in Japan. However, it is not known whether the observed otter was a Japanese river otter. World Animal Protection believes the otter trade in Japan has ties to Yakuza, an organized crime network in Japan. July 30, 2014 araho. "From my experience, I can fairly say Yakuza is involved here." Thank you for watching my channel!! The Japanese river otter could have anywhere from one to six offspring per litter. Related Articles. I have several books listed on my blog. They discovered remains of the animal's urine, which the animal is believed to leave during its courtship. IUCN Otter Spec. According to the Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums, based in Tokyo, at their peak in 1994, there were 122 sea otters at 28 facilities around the country. 37(2) 2020 - 71 - A R T I C L E THE SITUATION OF PET OTTERS IN JAPAN – WARNING BY VETS Yumiko OKAMOTO1*, Naoki MAEDA2, Masakazu HIRABAYASHI3, Natsumi ICHINOHE4 1 Hsinchu Zoo: 279, Kung-Yung Rd, Hsinchu City, Taiwan 300 2 Maeda Animal Hospital: 9-12, 2-Chome, Matsushita, Inazawa City, Aichi Prefecture, Japan 4928208 3 All Pet Clinic: … People in Indonesia, Thailand, Japan, and elsewhere can pay thousands of … In these tales the smart kawauso often fool humans, kind of like a fox . Group Bull. [30], This article is about the animal. Another relatively popular pet fad in Japan is the practice of keeping otters as pets. Between less than 1 percent and 1.5% of the population claims Christian belief or affiliation. 450-1100)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Srpskohrvatski / српскохрватски, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 13:55. Also found were three footprints, and ten additional excrement samples. [9] The otter had a lifespan of up to 25 years. Sushi is Japan’s most famous dish so, of course, you’ll want to try it in its homeland. <, "Red List of Threatened Mammals of Japan", Trends in otter-related newspaper articles in Japan over 135 years, "Sociality in river otters: cooperative foraging or reproductive strategies? The population suddenly shrank in the 1930s, and the mammal nearly vanished. Many otters spend around six hours to find food because of their difficult living space and their competition for food. [35], In an Ainu folktale, in Urashibetsu (in Abashiri, Hokkaido), there are stories where monster otters shapeshift into humans, go into homes where there are beautiful girls, and try to kill the girl and make her its wife. Believe it; there’s a lot more to Japan than just Tokyo. Also They really have an annoying squeal. It is said that they shapeshift into bōzu (a kind of monk) and appear before passers-by, and if the passer-by tries to get close and look up, its height steadily increases until it becomes a large bōzu. [6], Several genetic studies have suggested that the Japanese river otter should be treated as a distinct species Lutra nippon rather than a subspecies of Lutra lutra. Such illegal trafficking is detrimental to wild populations of animals worldwide. Like most otters, the Japanese river otter was not an especially picky eater. Otters can sell for thousands of dollars in Japan, which encourages networks of farmers, hunters and traffickers to steal cubs from the wild, shooting or electrocuting their protective parents. IUCN Otter Spec. In Japanese, they are called “kawauso” . Tokyo, Japan, 19th October 2018—a boom in demand for otters as pets in japan, particularly the Small-clawed Otter, has been linked to rising numbers of “otter cafés”, high-profile television programmes featuring otters and celebrities, and the popularity of otter pet “superstars” on social media platforms. [5] In February 2017, a wild otter was caught on camera on Tsushima Island, Nagasaki Prefecture. After the shedding of the under fur, the otter shed their guard hair from August to November. Japan hosts at least one free-roaming river otter, but it’s not likely the country’s endemic variety, which was last documented decades ago and has been “officially” extinct since 2012. After the pups are around the age of four months, the mother otter will introduce her youth to solid food and start to teach them how to hunt.[11]. The name for the Japanese river otter was then changed from L. l. whiteleyi to Lutra nippon. After the Occupation, Japan and Made in Japan were implemented again. A good place to start checking for information on pet otter laws is under ‘fur-bearing’ terms. Awaken slowly on your high fibreglass kayak (or on a stand-up paddle board, if you prefer) to the morning mew of the playful otters near the calm, kelpy waters. The Environment Ministry said an analysis of excrement samples collected on Tsushima Island during a survey there in July suggested they came from two Eurasian otters on the island. Beginning in the early 20th century, the otter pelts were used for military purposes as well. Its scientific name is Emhydra Lutris Lutris Linneo, and it is also called Asian sea otter. [28], In the town of Numatachi, Asa District, Hiroshima Prefecture (now Hiroshima), they are called "tomo no kawauso" (伴のカワウソ) and "ato no kawauso" (阿戸のカワウソ). According to the Japanese Association of Zoos and Aquariums, based in Tokyo, at their peak in 1994 there were 122 sea otters at 28 facilities around the country. They would then venture on their own, but continue in solitude unless ready to mate. While it primarily fed on fish, crab, and shrimp; it also ate eels, beetles, watermelons, and sweet potatoes. The average otter is 1–1.3 metres in length, and weighs up to 9kg. çº and カワウソ. Japan has an abundance of natural wonders. Their numbers soon dwindled. Otters are a popular animal in Japanese folklore where they are called “kawauso“. A wild otter was caught on film on Nagasaki Prefecture’s Tsushima Island in February, marking the first sighting of the mammal in Japan in 38 years, a University of … Here are three that include information on the 1921-1941: "Japanese Ceramics of the Last … [28] In places like the Hokuriku region, Kii, and Shikoku, the otters are seen as a type of kappa. Ask any of these cafes and they will claim that their otters are legally bred and bought in Japan. The Japanese river otter (Lutra lutra whiteleyi) was a semi-aquatic carnivore otter that used to inhabit the rivers of Japan, and was distributed in Hokkaido, Honshu, Shikoku and Kyushu until the 1920s. [7], The Japanese river otter was used as medicine to help cure tuberculosis. By. An avid otter fan from Japan also came to try his luck with otter sighting recently. For other uses, see, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Multigene phylogeny of the Mustelidae: Resolving relationships, tempo and biogeographic history of a mammalian adaptive radiation", "Building large trees by combining phylogenetic information: a complete phylogeny of the extant Carnivora (Mammalia)", "Sea Otter â€“ Enhydra lutris â€“ facts, video, and sound", "Otter Hunting AKA Otter Hunting Begins – British Pathé", "Fishing with Otters: a Traditional Conservation Practice in Bangladesh", "Native American Indian Otter Legends, Meaning and Symbolism from the Myths of Many Tribes", https://mocomi.com/jataka-tales-the-otters-and-the-wolf/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Otter&oldid=991141178#Japanese_folklore, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Old English (ca. Now only single animals are recorded off Japan and the Asian population is declining. In 1994, zoological experts visited the area where the excrement was found. Tokyo is a major draw and often tops a lot of people’s list of must-dos, but the capital city is not the only reason Japan is such a popular country to visit. In the wild, they feed on mostly invertebrates and occasionally frogs. By Melissa A Smith. [17], The Japanese river otter was named the official animal symbol of Japan's Ehime Prefecture, a region of Japan in northwestern Shikoku. Web. After an analysis of a cross-section of the hair, the researchers determined that it came from an otter. The last official sighting was in the southern part of Kōchi Prefecture in 1979, when it was photographed in the mouth of the Shinjo River in Susaki. Japan is home to tons of animal cafés, many of which charge visitors to pet and spend time with Asian small-clawed otters, a threatened species. Populations made a slight comeback after the creation of hunting regulations. When a male otter calls out to a female otter, she must give him permission for the mating. Our daily life channel update are on every day! Since then, it has only been spotted several times, in 1964 in the Seto Inland Sea, and in the Uwa Sea in 1972 and 1973. [ALSO READ: … No evidence of the animal's existence was found. Yoshihiro Kataoka, 72, who published a photobook of sea otters around the cape, speculates that sea otters in the Northern Territories — as Japan calls four Russian-held islands off Hokkaido that Tokyo claims — have expanded their habitat and since been witnessed in Hamanaka. Japanese River Otter Appearance. Most species are entirely dependent on aquatic habitats for food. Would it require witchcraft for an otter to stay alive like that? A river otter was last spotted in 1979 in the western Japan city of Susaki, Kochi Prefecture. In December 1991, the Environmental Agency of Japan in partnership with the Kochi prefectural government assembled a research team of experts and began their search. Animal pelts thus became very valuable since they could be exported for money. "[27][28] There are darker stories, such as one from Kaga Province (now Ishikawa Prefecture) in which an otter that lives in the castle's moat shapeshifts into a woman, invites males, and then kills and eats them. The female otter makes for a great mother; nursing her young for up to eight hours a day, as well as teaching them valuable lessons and protecting them. But in Japan, where more than a dozen animal cafes now feature otters… Otters are carnivorous mammals in the subfamily Lutrinae. Bishan otters appear on Japanese TV show The Bishan otters made their on-screen appearance on a Tokyo Broadcasting System (TBS) variety show called "Quiz! Throughout the 1990s, there were several attempts to locate a surviving Japanese river otter. [10], In general, the Japanese river otter was ready to reproduce when they were two to three years old. The European otter has been here for millions of years; it is a member of the Mustelid family, which also includes the badger, mink, weasels, stoats, martens and polecats, and is the only truly semi-aquatic member of the weasel family.

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