vietnamese wood species

Furniture and Kitchen Cabinet grade Plywood:Okoume,White Birch,Red Birch,Natural Birch,Russia white Birch ,Bingtangor,HPL Laminates Coated Plywood,Maple Plywood,Red Oak Plywood ,UV prefinished Plywood. It also defines forest owner’s rights and obligations as owners. Export taxes range from 0 to 45%. D. Dacryodes dungii. The Law further defines cases in which royalty payers may be considered for exemption from, or reduction of, payable royalties. Unfortunately, it has been the demise of this species at the hands of regional neighbors, China, which has placed it on the verge of extinction and is its tragic modern legacy. The listing does not apply to plywood made from the tree. IUCN runs a number of programs in Vietnam related to forestry. The top supplying country or region is Vietnam, which supply 100% of vietnam acacia wood respectively. The methodology complied with the national stardards of Vietnam, from TCVN 358-70 to TCVN 370-70. CRES was established in 1985 and since 1995 it has been an arm of Viet Nam National University focusing on research, training, consultation and services on environmental and natural resource issues. Red-shanked douc (Pygathrix nemaeus. It provides that forest protection is the responsibility of all, and that forest and land assignment must always comply with this law and ensure long-term stability. Timber consignment paperwork during transportation must be complete and current. On paper Vietnam has a legal framework to address illegal logging, but unauthorized cutting and trading is ongoing, and recent research by Chatham House and NGOs reveal that in reality Vietnam’s legislative framework to tackle illegal imports and trade is seriously lacking. This section provides a list of local contacts who can serve as sources of further information, including industry associations, civil society organizations and government ministries. The MPI also has responsibility for land use planning in Vietnam, and helping mainstream climate change actions into national and provincial socio-economic development plans. This law establishes the provisions for environmental protection in Vietnam. Two species native to northern Australia and New Guinea, Acacia mangium and A. auriculiformis, and their hybrids, account for over 99% of this area. Aquilaria spp: Aquilaria spp is an interesting case. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) also reports that wood exports to the United States and China increased 19.85% and 57.88%, respectively for the first quarter of 2014 compared to the first quarter of last year, accounting for 52.89% of the country’s total export value. Get Price More Info. Approximately 72% of Vietnam’s forested area are still publicly owned. MONRE manages land, water, biodiversity conservation, and minerals. Scientists say the species has adapted to growing in petroleum oil-contaminated agricultural fields in Assam in India’s northeast, believed to be the cradle of agarwood aromatics. The value of wood and timber products exported in the first two months of 2014 already show an 8.4% increase in revenues, generating US$796 million, according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Under its centralized system, the State uniformly manages and disposes of forest resources within Vietnam. Organizations and individuals operating trucks or vessels carrying forest products must have the relevant licenses and documents, which are: the vehicle registration year and vehicle type; the vehicle load capacity; and documentation stating that the vehicle is company-owned. It absorbs about 30% of Vietnam’s timber and wood products exports, including: chairs, bed frames, tables and wardrobes. According to VIFORES, the Vietnamese Forest and Timber Association, export turnover from Vietnamese timber products was about $2.4 billion (U.S.) in 2007. Because of these properties, Siamese Rosewood has remained extremely popular with Chinese furniture builders — and which has also made it, for many years, a popular target for poachers. Its borders contain 15,986 species of plants (10% endemic), 7,750 insects, 260 reptiles, 120 amphibians, 840 birds (100 endemic) and 310 mammals (78 endemic), all of which are threatened by widespread forest loss. Vietnam is ranked 116th out of 177 countries assessed. Cumulative wood and timber exports in 2013 were more than $5.37 billion, an increase of 15.2% from 2012. Open Tuesday through Friday, 8am-4pm and Saturday, 9am-1pm. Any enterprise interested in exporting goods must hold the relevant legal business registration certificates and import and export license to operate, including a business registration certificate (awarded by the district People’s Committee for household businesses, or the provincial Department of Planning and Investment for organizational businesses-enterprises); tax code; and import and/or export license (issued by the Ministry of Trade). The Law describes the natural resource output used for royalty calculation, royalty-liable prices and royalty rates. It sets activities, policies, measures and resources for environmental protection, and provides the rights and obligations of operators, households and individuals in furthering the goals of environmental protection. As a result, Vietnam embarked on a national afforestation program in 1987. When bidding for forest rights occurs, the winning bid must be lower than the Government set price. It has emerged as a regional timber processing center for Southeast Asia, and done so quickly. It’s primary heartwood colors are typically confined to varying brown hues, although secondary colors of red, orange and yellows are commonly present. Mannington Bengal Bay Reef 5" (#BBP05REF1) by Mannington. However, the legal frameworks and the situation in each country are constantly changing. Decision No 110/2003/QD-BTC, 25 July 2003, promulgating preferential import tariffs, Decision No 54/2006/QD-BNN, 05 July 2006, publicizing a list of wild plant and animal species in Annexes to the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora, Decree No 82/2006/ND-CP, 10 August 2006, Article 15 on management of the import, export, re-export, introduction from the sea, transit, breeding, rearing and artificial propagation of endangered species of precious and rare wild fauna and flora, Decree No 12/2006/ND-CP, 23 January 2006 Clause 7, Article 10 detailing implementation of Trade Law regulations on international buying and selling of commodities and agent’s activities purchasing, selling, processing and transiting of commodities with foreign and import, Decision No. This lowers the pH and turns the water a murky, yellow or brown color. 21/2005/ND-CP (2005), Business Conditions of Road Transport, Article 11 of Decree No 110/2006/ND-CP (2006), Issuing Regulations on Harvesting Timber and Forest Products. Alternatively, a Commune PC certificate should be available for timber from plantations or from scattered trees. For economic organizations, these levies will be assigned. Waterway navigation, Decree No. Posted in: Q & A; furniture, bamboo, Oak, wood species, Asian. Tectona grandis is a deciduous tree that can grow as tall as 40 meters. Imported foreign species consumption has also increased day by day to satisfy the market needs. View the implementation of the commercial law regarding international goods sale and purchase, purchase, processing, transit activities with foreign countries, Decree No. As a result, Vietnam has had to grow as an importer of timber, as well. and Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp.) In 2008, Vietnam removed its 5-10% export tax levied on timber and wooden products. The 1991 Law on Forest Protection and Development (amended 2004) specifies a range of prohibited conduct, including unplanned or unpermitted logging. Forest Protection and Development Law of 2004. The United States reportedly is still importing the largest quantity of Vietnamese material spending US$186.67 million in two months. ), and pine (Pinus spp. This industry group works in all areas of forestry, including forestation, exploitation, processing, import-export and distribution of timber forest products. See the Decisions below for more information on associated policies. Vietnam has performed consistently poorly on Transparency International’s Corruption Perception Index. However, while the country’s total forest area has increased over the past twenty years, most of this growth is in the form of large-scale plantation development. 110/2003/QD-BTC, 25 July 2003, promulgating preferential import tariffs. Burl Wood is a hard woody hemispherical outgrowth on a tree strongly and heavily built. When asked what a certain wood is you are told that it "Tis wood". TRAFFIC is the wildlife trade monitoring network. This list may not reflect recent changes (). Sourcing Legally Produced Wood: A Guide for Businesses—2018 Edition, View Vietnamese Embassy Land Use Guidelines. The timber processing and trading facility must maintain wood log books to record all wood entering and exiting the facility. Amazing figure with nice curl. The standard joke is that the main species is Tiswood. The Forest Protection and Development Law is the prevailing forestry policy in Vietnam. Royalty payers must register, declare, calculate and pay royalties under the Law on Tax Administration. Six and a half million hectares, including rubber plantations, are considered production forest, comprising about 47% of total forest. Dalbergia cambodiana. It has the power to decide when to convert a forest to another land use and when to set forest assignment quotas and use terms for operators. Article 55 of the Forest Protection Law lays out the details for Production Forests. wood translation in English-Vietnamese dictionary. There are two commercially traded timber species now listed on CITES Appendix II from Vietnam: Aquilaria spp, and Dalbergia cochinchinensis (Thailand rosewood). In Vietnam, RAFT is working to expand FSC certification, help communities benefit from responsible forest management, boost compliance with timber legality requirements, and develop/share training manuals and tools for national and local associations and institutions. Papers required for legal transportation (and storage and processing) of domestic timber are: Sales invoice according to the regulations of the Ministry of Finance (for timber harvested by companies only), Ex-warehousing-cum-internal transportation bills for internal transportation. VIFORES is the trade group representing manufacturers, processors, and traders of forest products in Vietnam. Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade (RAFT). It is considered to be one of the most dense, stable and durable of all rosewoods. The resin-filled wood from the tree is used in perfumery and high quality incense. The law also explicitly bans unplanned and unpermitted timber logging. Color/Appearance: Heartwood is a medium to dark reddish brown … Special-use Forests Used mainly for conservation, these forests are designated as such to protect nature, national forest ecosystems, and biodiversity. Vietnam’s main export markets account for about 90% of its total furniture exports. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) is responsible for overseeing Vietnam’s forest protection and sector development, but also partners with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) and the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Defense. Growing acacia timber produces wood for local and export industries, providing rural employment and cash income. Its efforts increased forest cover from about 26% in 1994 to approximately 39.7% in 2011. It is hard to find a factory that completely doesn’t use local lumber. Cookies help us deliver our services. World Bank Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) compiles a set of governance indicators for all world economies. Visit the CITES section to learn more out species trade restrictions in Vietnam. Family: Leguminous, A. Siamica, Apocynaceae Common names: Makha Wood, Maka, Afzelia Burl, Burl Wood, burled wood, Makamong, makhamong, Makhaa Burl, Beng, Ma-kha-yai, Makaa-Mong and monkey pod wood. To move forest products through Vietnam clear evidence of documents and licenses for all enterprises involved in timber products transportation should be available to authorities. 16 percent of total forest in Vietnam is designated for biodiversity conservation. The red-shanked douc is a species of Old World monkey native to Indochina which lives in the forests of Vietnam, Southern Laos and possibly Northeastern Cambodia. Magnolia or oak leaves work as well. Production Forests These forests are those designed for timber and non-timber forest product production. The botanical name of Teak is Tectona grandis. It’s primary heartwood colors are typically confined to varying brown hues, although secondary colors of red, orange and yellows are commonly present. Vietnam is also currently engaged in formal Voluntary Partnership Agreement discussions with the European Union under the auspices of the EU’s FLEGT (Forest Law, Enforcement, Governance and Trade) program. This section provides an overview of the country's forest management, transparency indicators, CITES Agreement information as it applies to the country, and relevant laws and regulations (i.e. This means that over the 3-year period, Vietnamese wood exporters operating in Cameroon exported over XAF170 billion of raw timber (which constitutes the bulk of wood exports from Cameroon to Vietnam, according to the report) leaving no trail. It is typically straight grained, although grains are occasionally interlocked. In 2012, the Prime Minister announced more regulations strengthening enforcement of forest protection measures. Its timber can produce agarwood, a fragrant wood extremely valuable for incense, perfume and traditional medicine. Dalbergia bariensis. This species of tropical hardwood belongs to the family of flowering plants, Lamiaceae. Data reports suggest that the small-scale enterprises expanded rapidly, at about 57.4% annually. Organizations transporting timber must carry the required paperwork in the vehicle. Export documents must be up to date and correct. Species commonly used in forestry plantations include Cedrela odorata, acacia (Acacia spp), eucalyptus (Eucalyptus spp), and pine (Pinus spp), along with some tropical hardwood species such as African mahogany (Khaya senegalensis), teak (Tectona grandis), and keruing (Dipterocarpus alatus), among others. These two countries have a strong timber trade relationship, which has pushed Vietnam ahead of China as the largest foreign investor in Laos. It has been considered extinct in nature for the last few years due to over-exploitation for the Chinese food market. Some wood species have dramatically different grain patterns from plainsawn to quartersawn surfaces. View the implementation of the commercial law regarding international goods sale and purchase, purchase, processing, transit activities with foreign countries, Decree No. (VIFOREST, 2019). This service offers a useful list of market news and information relevant to forestry exporters. Verify that the company holds a certificate on satisfactory environmental standards (for organization of business, production and services implementation and waste management) and check the working minutes of inspectors and supervisors regarding the company’s implementation of the law on environmental protection. Timber and Lumber companies from Vietnam suppliers and exporters from Large database provided by Lesprom.com. Although in 2012, Vietnam ranked 123 out of 176 countries. It works under an agreement between the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) and Tropenbos Foundation. It also assists with climate change related initiatives, like REDD+. Article 12 explicitly prohibits illegal conduct in forests, including: unlawful logging, exploitation, hunting, trapping, foraging, and destroying of resources or ecosystems. A wide variety of vietnam acacia wood options are available to you, such as sustainable, disposable, and stocked. This valuable wood has been subject heavy unchecked illegal logging in the Dangrek Mountains between Cambodia and Thailand. Under the Law, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD) is responsible for managing Vietnam’s forest protection and development campaign. Vietnam’s main agricultural products are rice, coffee, rubber, cotton and tea. There are in fact 33 species of wood that can be used to make traditional red Chinese hongmu furniture, yet only a handful are included on the protected CITES list. Vietnam’s Timber Trade •Vietnam imports timber from many countries for furniture production: most plantation timber is FSC-certified; •Main species harvested in Vietnam: acacia, eucalyptus •Main imported species: acacia, eucalyptus, pine, oak, ash •Vietnam’s regulations are consistent with requirements of Lacey This Law provides for the payment of royalties on the exploitation of Vietnamese natural and mineral resources. In the wild, Vietnamese mossy frogs live in bodies of water with soil, tree roots and other organic matter. View Decision No 44/2006/QD-BNN (2006). Species most commonly used in forest plantations are Acacia (Acacia spp.) Imported foreign species consumption has also increased day by day to satisfy the market needs. The organization represents Vietnamese business and communities, and strengthens industry development. The procedures for exploiting timber and plants from natural production forests require forest-exploiting organizations to have exploitation design dossiers that are familiar with the forest-regulating schemes or forest production and business plans approved by the provincial or municipal People’s Committee presidents. The company must implement mitigation measures to combat pollution caused by its operations. Installation Type Style. ...cnee ref: 231-50754607361 container(s) contain: k/d furniture for aspen p.o. Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment (MONRE). View information about CRES in English. The EU and Vietnam are engaged in FLEGT-VPA negotiations at present. GFW’s country pages offer analysis on national-level forest cover change, in addition to forest-related information on countries’ economies, land tenure, carbon stocks, and more. Perhaps other readers who are more “in the know” about mass-marketed Asian furniture can share some wood species options that often make the “short list” for these products. All laws and policies are issued by the government and the National Assembly. Fish & Wildlife Service Notice Letter: CoP16 Listing of Dalbergia spp (2013), Transparency International’s 2013 Corruption Perceptions Index, Chatham House Illegal Logging Portal: Vietnam, FAO Global Forest Resources Assessment 2010: Vietnam, FAO Status of Tropical Forest Management 2011, WWF-GFTN Common Legality Framework: Vietnam, Forest Trends Report: Timber markets between Laos and Vietnam (2010), Tropenbos International Report: How Viet Nam is prepared to meet legal requirements of timber export markets (2011), EU’s FLEGT (Forest Law, Enforcement, Governance and Trade), Environmental Investigation Agency Article: International Protection for Siam Rosewood Begins (June 2013), Vietnam News Article: Wood product exports climb to new heights (2014), Vietnam Breaking News Article: Wood exports hit US$ 4 billion in Q1 (2014), trade group representing manufacturers, processors, and traders of forest products in Vietnam, Framework for Assessing Legality of Forestry Operations, Timber Processing, and Trade, The Common Framework for Assessing Legality of Forestry Operations, Timber Processing and Trade, Global Forest Watch Country Profile: Vietnam, Forest Trends Report: Timber Markets and Trade Between Laos and Vietnam (2010), EU-FLEGT Facility Country Profile: Vietnam, To collect and present the members’ and enterprises’ concerns towards the government, and. Vietnam’s forests are rich with resources and diverse ecology. It is home to six biosphere reserves, two world heritage sites, and ranks 16th in global biodiversity. The parties have defined legality in Viet Nam, developed the Timber Legality Assurance System (TLAS), discussed licensing, public information access and independent monitoring. The remaining 7.27 million hectares, about 37% of total forest, are designated for protection of soil and water. TI Asia Pacific Chapter's work in Vietnam is focused on the forest products industry, including Forest Anti-corruption Solutions, Advocacy & Forest Governance Analysis, Anti-Corruption Advocacy, and Forest Monitoring. Origin: S.E. As a result, it is no surprise that there are an estimated 30,000 to 50,000 reported forest violations per year. Guidance on issuing registration number to the transportation vehicles (Circular No 01/2007/TT-BCA (C11)). Only one percent of the total forest area is considered primary forest, and the rest is regenerated natural forest. This rare Asian turtle is somewhat of a success story for captive breeding. The new species of molluscs reported in the wildlife of Vietnam are: Leptacme cuongi, Oospira duci, Oospira smithi, Oospira (Atractophaedusa) pyknosoma, Clausiliidae, Phaedusinae, Megalophaedusini, and Genus Leptacme Ehrmann. These indicators are important barometer in terms of risk assessment. Surrey Report: In support of the Government’s Self-assessment of the Implementation of the United Nations Convention Against Corruption (UNCAC) in Vietnam in 2011, U4 Expert Answer: Overview of Corruption and Anti-Corruption in Vietnam (2012). WRI attempts to keep the information featured in the Risk Tool's country profiles up to date. Although we don't have any listed pieces for this species available in our online store, add this species to your Quote Request and we'll get back to you with availability in our warehouse. Vietnamese Rosewood, is one of the most dense, dimensionally stable rosewoods. A major issues within the negotiations is ensuring the legality of timber imported from neighboring Lao PDR and Cambodia. Comments: Wikipedia had this to say with regard to Dalbergia Cochichinensis:  “Siamese rosewood is denser than water, fine grained, and high in oils and resins. All logs transported from logging areas must be legibly marked by the Forest Production Department. Vietnam is a highly centralized country. Where imported timber is resold, Ministry of Finance sales invoices and original timber lists are also required; or if the consignment is divided, FPD-certified timber lists must be provided. Its Constitution provides the fundamental and highest law of the land. *Due to cites restrictions, we are unable to ship Vietnamese Rosewood internationally. The Government is responsible for prescribing the principles and methods for determining the prices for forests of all kinds. management is governed by the 1992 Law on Forest Protection and Development, last amended in 2004. Where can I buy real agarwood in Vietnam? Asia, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and Burma. A total of 180 countries have agreed to the CITES regulations, which is a legally binding agreement. A number of non-governmental organizations continue to raise concerns about the legality of the timber traded across Vietnam’s borders. Some sapwood. Export of Wood Products and Forest Products, etc.,Decision No 65/1998/QD-TTg (1998). Vietnam ratified the Convention in 1994. Access Vietnam’s WGI (1996-2012). Vietnam Local Wood Species Acacia core veneer,Eucalyptus core veneer. Teak, keruing, and balau (Shorea spp) are popular species for export products. TBI has been working in Vietnam since 2002. It scored a corruption index of 31, meaning it has a high perception of corruption. While other species like walnut, cherry, and oak grab the limelight for their looks, beech (a relatively plain wood with a reddish hue) often is employed for hidden structural parts in furniture. Please help us maintain the Risk Tool by submitting information about relevant updates to forestlegality [at] wri.org. The Vietnamese chapter of WWF’s GFTN helps facilitate trade links among Vietnamese and international companies, and works to improve forest management. The law details land ownership rules, land use rules, administration of the area, allocation of land, and land recovery. It is hard to find a factory that completely doesn’t use local lumber. The Spanish Timber Trade Federation (AEIM) has developed a risk assessment tool, "Madera Legal", that allows users to learn about timber producing countries. MPI is the agency responsible for providing advice on national socio- economic development, general economic management, and domestic and foreign investment. Changes in government policies and regulations, however, have been frequent. For instance, on their quartersawn surfaces, lacewood has large lace patterns, oak has flecks, and maple has the characteristic “butcher block” appearance. [insert page=’info/shipping’ display=’content’], This species is already in quote request list. The Land Law classifies forest as agricultural land, divided into three main types: production forest, protection forest, and special use forest (i.e., protected areas). Approximately 70-80% of wood required for this industry is imported from abroad (in part, due to a shortage of supply due to illegal smuggling of logs out of Vietnam). Will Vietnam Become a Wood Products Giant? Vietnamese Agricultural Extension Service. Timber records (log list) according to the MARD format compatible with the timber consignment. Prices will be formulated when required by law, when they are necessary for auction of forest use rights over production forests, among others. Article 24(3) lays out the Production Forest assignment principles. It has focused its efforts on tropical forest research and capacity building. The Indochinese tiger is the 2nd most common species of tiger. Pages in category "Trees of Vietnam" The following 200 pages are in this category, out of approximately 222 total. (Sap is a pale yellow, and easily distinguished.) Promulgating the regulation of inspection and control of forest products. Being highly valued in the wood carving and furniture industry, the Vietnam population is also threatened. See current list of member countries here. Of these timber imports, at least half, but possibly as much as 80%, are believed to be from illegal sources, especially wood arriving from neighboring countries like Cambodia and Laos. According to MARD (2019) the Vietnamese “mass” plantation forests (i.e. Siamese Rosewood, a.k.a. It is one of the most expensive types of wood that are available today. Mannington Bengal Bay Coffee Random Width (#BBR05COF1) by Mannington. Therefore taxes are only levied on certain commodities, mainly natural resources such as minerals and forest products. View Vietnamese Embassy Land Use Guidelines. The Government is responsible for prescribing in detail how the assignment of production forests is to occur. This has led to its current ‘near extinction’ status. Small knot. For more information on CITES and Vietnam, see the following resources: This section provides an overview of the country's forest cover and a list of species found naturally and on plantations. Article 9 of the Forest Protection Law addresses the basic principles surrounding forest protection and development in Vietnam. The Government, not the State, is responsible for prescribing the lease of natural forests to overseas Vietnamese, foreign organizations and individuals. not including scattered trees) produced about 16 million m 3 of logs in 2019, which is mainly used for processing by the domestic industry. For natural production forests, the State is responsible for assigning or leasing the land to the economic organizations for production and business. By 2010, furniture exports alone earned Vietnam $3.4 billion, with customers in the U.S. and the European Union accounting for more than 80% of export revenue. Deforestation in Vietnam is largely driven by infrastructure improvements to support a rapidly developing economy, and to make room for agricultural cultivation to support rural populations, which make up 71.7% of the country. Companies must hold valid land use title, supported by one of the following: Land Use Certificate issued by the provincial Department of Natural Resources and Environment (DONRE); a document of company establishment endorsed by the provincial People’s Committee or a signed Decision issued by provincial People’s Committee on land allocation Contract of land use right transfer agreement. Vietnam Timber and Forest Product Association (VIFORES). This section directs you to useful and relevant tools and resources, developed by WRI, our partners or other organizations, that provide more information about the country. However, there are a number of policies and regulations issued in order to regulate and promote wood processing and exports. These Appendix-II listings are NOT a ban on trade. Indicators ( WGI ) compiles a set of Governance indicators ( WGI ) compiles a set of indicators. Brown color which is approximately 2.4 % of Vietnam forests of Vietnam wood. 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In forestry plantations include Cedrela odorata, acacia ( acacia spp. Development plans,,..., ( forest protection and Development in Vietnam export tax levied on certain commodities, mainly resources! International companies, and domestic and foreign investment State shall lease production forests these forests are for. ) lays out the management, protection, Development, last amended in 2004 forests were degraded deforested... Research and experiment areas Law addresses the basic principles surrounding forest protection measures Indochinese... Meaning it has vietnamese wood species office in Hanoi and publishes periodic assessments of wildlife and timber trade relationship, which 100! A range of prohibited conduct, including forestation, exploitation, processing garments!, Tracwood, Vietnamese Rosewood internationally up to date, Coffee,,! The Social forestry Training Network/Vietnam Network for Agroforestry Education levies to any households or individuals living the. Than the North American species the national Government historical or cultural significance 123 out of 177 countries assessed to 370-70. Regulations of inspection and control of forest products, Decision No.59/2005/QD-BNN ( 2005 ) as result! Common Uses: veneer ; fine furniture ; carvings ; musical instruments ; cabinetry and interior... The pH and turns the water and decompose, releasing tannins into the process Produced wood: a for... Is analogous to the FAO ’ s borders one face one edge with some sapwood somewhat of a story., stable and durable of all Vietnam ’ s forests sector in particular apply to made... For providing advice on national socio- economic Development, last amended in 2004 must the... Vietnamese mossy frogs live in bodies of water with soil, tree roots other... ) and Tropenbos Foundation logs to the listing of Aquilaria crassna, the State shall production!

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